Research methods in criminal justice – chapter 12.


Required Textbook: Hagan, Frank E., Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, Pearson Education, Inc., 2014. ISBN: 978-0-13-300861-6.

Answer the Review Questions at the end of Chapter 12: APA Formatting, no plagiarism, answer in an essay format and like teaching others.

1. Describe the steps in the data management process. How does each step build on the others in producing valid data for analysis?

2. Graphic displays have sometimes been employed to lie with statistics. How is this done, and how might readers avoid being misled by such displays?

3. What are some useful hints in reading a table? Although it is certainly not exciting, why is table reading an important subject? How was this illustrated by Wilbanks’ examination of interracial crime in the NCS?

4. What does the process of elaboration involve? How does such a process enable one to take into account (or control for) rival causal factors?

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