Written exercise 6 response 3
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice, CRJ –530
Dr. Gary Metts
Saint Leo University
February 26, 2022
This written exercise was extracted from Banks, C. (2020). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice (5th ed.) Chapter-13-14, and research conducted online.Law enforcement and the criminal justice system constantly revolve around ethical and moral issues. Doing the right thing “always,” making sound decisions while considering the ethical and moral impacts and consequences. Therefore, when considering the potential moral method to an issue, officers should always consider whether their decision will achieve or yield the best results (Banks, 2020). Some view happiness as the counterpart to gratification, arguing that people seek pleasure trying to evade pain certainly a logical explanation why we select the options about how to act. A good rule is law enforcement professionals should avoid seeking pleasure over pain and focus on their duties. Not how they may fulfill their preferences, interests, or desires. Basically, as criminal justice professionals, the question must not always be “what should I do?” and focus more on “What kind of person should I be?” to make the right moral choices and ethical decisions that will affect not only themselves but others alike (Banks, 2020).
Civilian Oversight Review Boards a Valuable Resource
This leads to a viable resource that could help establish a balance and foster a relationship between the community and the police. In the opinions of many, a civilian review committee or board has had great success evaluating incidents and cases involving law enforcement interaction in the community they serve. Boards and committees like the civilian oversight review boards will make recommendations to the agency’s command staff and sometimes city officials based on the totality of the circumstances. These civilian oversight review boards have significant influence and potentially can change the agency’s or organization’s culture to a positive one. In today’s current climate in our nation regarding law enforcement attitudes towards society, civilian oversight review boards can be beneficial. Factors like technology affect the outcome of law enforcement organization problems. Internet, smartphones, and social media are only a few of the many factors that activists and society have available to potentially muddy the waters for law enforcement organizations.
Combined with other social factors, this may be an ingredient for disaster requiring change. Historically, law enforcement agencies have provided a lager of resistance to civilian oversight review committees. However, in recent years, due to all the pressure from the media, activists, and nonprofit civil organizations, policing has changed. These committees may be what the doctor ordered. They can undoubtedly reclaim acceptability, improve morale, expand the hiring of a diverse policing workforce while improving public and community safety (Seyffert, 2017). Since we are discussing civilian oversight boards and committees, what exactly are they, and who are the participating members. These boards include regular citizens from the community not involved with the police departments.
Their combined mission is to assume a position to hold the police departments accountable for their actions, policies, and organizational standards. Traditionally the civilian oversight process is mainly concerned with allegations and criticism against the law enforcement agencies or personnel. These civilian boards hold law enforcement responsible beyond individual grievances, typically addressing areas of police procedures and policies.The National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) has identified a lack of standardization on these boards. From who may be qualified to participate to what required level of education is needed, if any, to the amount of influence the board possesses in decision-making recommendations—definitely a broad level of inconsistency at the national level (Seyffert, 2017). NACOLE additionally noted that they had made numerous efforts to categorize methodologies to civilian oversight boards of law enforcement. One of the significant challenges has been that no civilian oversight agencies are alike nationally.
The main obstacle is that every geographical jurisdiction is different, including political, social, and cultural conflicts. Factors that will encourage the development of the oversight legal influence and administrative structure. The main pushback from law enforcement on civilian oversight boards has been debating if civilians will understand law enforcement practices and procedures. Will they know what we do, how we do it, and why? Additionally, the other concern by police officers is that all civilian board recommendations and reviews may be biased or unfair since board members lack the law enforcement experience and are not familiar with police policies and procedures.Historically the police culture is a unique guarded concept. Police officers and staff have difficulty understanding how an all civilian board or committee could comprehend the intricacies of law enforcement work without the proper training and field experience.
In 2015 during a National Public Radio interview, the national executive director of the Fraternal Order of Police (FOP), Mr. James Pasco, indicated, “The fact of the matter is, an officer has to make a split-second decision involving life or death, and the civilian review boards tend to, by definition, be made up of civilians who have no particular experience or insight into what went through that officer’s mind, what the circumstances were and how desperate things can become in that nanosecond” (Seyffert, 2017). Ultimately, research reveals that civilian review boards could be effective if applied appropriately. Operationally they will be beneficial in rebuildingthe community trust in law enforcement. Increasing efficiency and cooperation, putting citizens at ease by reestablishing a relationship where citizens can engage and trust the police with information in the best interest of keeping their neighborhoods safer. NACOLE recommended other effective civilian review boards to develop further and foster community relations.
Some recommendations included improving community interactionswith law enforcement by promoting communication and maintaining agency transparency by decreasing public apprehensionwhen dealing with high-profile confrontations.Civilian oversight can make recommendations to update agencies and department general policies and procedures. Provide additional suggestionsto avoidfuture problems by recognizing areas that need improvement and proposingpolicing alternatives. Civilian oversight review boards can undoubtedly be an asset to law enforcement agencies, and the Saint Leo University core value that best describes this relationship is “Responsible Stewardship.” Jointly, they are an excellent resource for providing oversight and recommendations to the agency’s command staff and fostering community relations while representing the local citizens and providing a check and balances effect relating to community-related ethical dilemmas.
There is no question that civilian oversight review boards foster a spirit of service by joining forces with agencies across our nation within the criminal justice system and combining resources to promote community development. This is a great way to apply resources in our community to fulfill our mission, goals, and keep our communities safe. The research for this paper has demonstrated the potential benefits and impact that a civilian oversight review board could certainly have on a law enforcement agency and the community they serve if applied correctly. From the community aspect certainly, a valuable asset.
Respond to this persons written assignment
No less than 105 words